People with diabetes have a lot of do‚Äôs and don‚Äôt‚Äôs when it comes to taking care of their feet. It is because they are prone to infection. A person with a diabetes should always keep his or her feet in good condition in order to avoid further complications. What is Diabetes, anyway? It pertains to a metabolic condition wherein there is high amount of sugar levels in the body for a longer period of time. If person has this condition, he or she experiences a number of signs and symptoms including thirstiness, extreme hunger, fatigue, weight loss, frequent urination, slow-healing wounds, blurry vision, and several others. Careful meal planning is one of the things that fall under the management of this condition. And because a person with Diabetes can be prone to infected feet and even injury, he or she may follow certain steps on how to properly do a foot care. Proper foot care is important to diabetic patients because failure to doing this may lead to long-term treatment, and you do not want this to happen. Another reason that also makes foot care for diabetic patients important apart from getting possible infection is because it ensures you good blood circulation. It also prevents you from damaging your nerves. Below are some of the helpful ways on how to do this special care. These tips can be easily done and performed.
1. Wash your feet gently every day.
People with diabetes have low immune system that‚Äôs why it could be lot easier for bacteria to invade their wound and cause serious harm not only to their feet but also to the whole body. That‚Äôs why foot hygiene is very important. This routine helps prevent your skin from getting bacteria which leads to infection. You need to be cautious when doing this, though. Do it gently, not roughly. Hurting your skin may lead to cuts which of course, a portal for bacteria. When you wash your feet, use lukewarm water and mild soap. Soaps with strong properties easily irritate the skin. Also remember not to use water that is too hot as this will also cause burns.
2. Check your feet‚Äôs overall hygiene.
Inspecting your feet‚Äôs skin for any wounds, lacerations, cracked skin, redness, blisters, and scratches help you determine whether you are risk for infection or not. In addition, also check if there is presence of ingrown toenails, calluses, and corns. You may want to use a magnifying mirror when examining your feet. Make sure to look for these things in every area of your feet such as on the soles, heels, sides and the top area. Now if you see a blister on your feet, do not attempt to pop it. Just place a bandage over it. And if you see the other mentioned problems or if you notice some changes of color or shape on your feet, consult your physician or health care provider. Also, do not forget to pay attention to your toenails. This is very important since your toenails harbor much dirt and bacteria when they are not properly taken care of. Make sure they are properly cut and trimmed short so as to prevent ingrown nails. Also make sure to keep your feet‚Äôs skin soft and smooth. Apply a thin coat of lotion over the bottoms and tops of your skin. You need to do this assessment after washing your feet. If you cannot do this however, ask your significant others to do it for you. Now if you want to ask for a pedicurist‚Äôs assistance, always make sure that the instruments that he or she is using are clean and well-sanitized. You can let him or her use your own instruments to be safe, though.
3. Put antifungal powder on your feet.
Antifungal powder helps fight off athlete‚Äôs foot. When you are free from athlete‚Äôs foot and odor, it means that you are also free from possible infections.
4. Wear diabetic socks and shoes.
Diabetic socks are helpful because they encourage good circulation on your feet. There are diabetic socks in the market that are antibacterial and are perfectly designed for you and you can even select for different styles, sizes, and shapes. Some are also non-wicking. These kinds of shoes can be especially helpful because they are safe to wear.
5. When you travel, bring extra shoes.
When you are on a road trip somewhere, do not forget to bring along with you extra pairs of shoes in order to change something in case your feet gets tired or they feel painful from long walks. Also make sure to use comfortable walking or running shoes if you are planning to do these activities while traveling. Shoes that are too tight can cause serious discomfort and can even cause blisters, swelling, and other unpleasant sensations. When sitting, put your feet up to have good blood circulation. And to prevent your feet from getting injured from sharp objects, opt for shoe wears that are closed but not tight-fitting.
6. Regularly see your doctor.
Nothing is more important than setting up an appointment with your physician every once in a while. Ask him for additional tips on how to better take care of your feet. Also narrate to your physician your everyday walking and running activities and even your diet so as to keep him informed about your feet‚Äôs health status. This is also important so as he can plan out a better physical activity and diet program for you. Ideally, you also need to have an annual foot exam and more often if you have foot problems.
As a whole, foot care is important for diabetic patients because it is a way of prevention against worse situations. It is taking 100% precaution for possible infections and complications that may lead to scary procedures like amputations. Make sure to regularly follow the tips discussed above because there is no better way to keep your feet healthy and injury-free than taking care of them. Your feet will love you back if you love them, too!